Conflict in North America
-In the mid- 1700s, Great Britain and France had competing claims for land in North America.
-The French held fur trapping and trade routes in the Ohio River Valley.
-The British Colonies were intruding on French territory as the population grew larger.
-The war will be fought over land!
Events Leading To The French and Indian War
-France set up forts to protect their fur trading interests. Some of these forts intruded on British claims.
-Virginia governor sent a young George Washington to deliver a protest to the french. He and the protest are ignored.
-Washington is ordered to march to the mouth of the Ohio River and build a fort to control the rivers.
-Washington is driven off and the French build Fort Duquesne. The war has officially begun.
The People Involved
The Natives align with the French because the French were a good supplier of guns.
The Colonists align themselves with the British because they would benefit from it, and could possibly gain more land to help with population influctuations.
French and Indian War (1754-1763)
-Early British operations failed and the French still had control of the Ohio River valley and Fort Duquese.
-By 1760 however, Great Britain had successfully taken several key forts in Canada.
Aftermath of The French and Indian War
-The French end up as the losers and surrender their land claims (including Canada).
-Treaty of Paris (1763) is signed to make the land transfer official.
-Britain also make an agreement with the Natives; the Proclamation Line of 1763. (It states that Colonists will not settle west of the Appalachian Mountains.)
-Because of this, Great Britain has huge war debts and the Colonists feel united, but also slightly cheated since they didn’t gain any land for helping the British in the war.